History of California: Part 21

Chapter XVIII

Statistics

The state of California lies between the parallels 32 and 42 north lat.i.tude, extending over a s.p.a.ce represented on the eastern coast by the country between Edisto Inlet, South Carolina, and the northern point of Cape Cod, Ma.s.sachusetts. Its northern third lies between 120 and 124 26' west longitude. From Cape Mendocino, its most westerly point, the coast trends southeastward to San Diego Bay. The total coast line on the Pacific is 1200 miles.

The state's greatest width is 235 miles, which is between Point Conception and the northern end of the Amaragosa Range on the Nevada line. It is narrowest between Golden Gate and the southern end of Lake Tahoe. Its area is 158,297 sq. miles, second only to Texas of all the states.

The population of California, according to the United States census of 1920, is 3,426,861, which has since been greatly increased. The following table shows the counties of the State:--

Counties of California

Area Population Valuation Name Origin and Meaning of Name Sq. Mi. 1920 1910 of Property County Seat

Alameda Sp., Shaded promenade 764 344,127 246,131 128,681,766 Oakland Alpine 710 243 309 422,063 Markleeville Amador Sp., Sweetheart 632 7,793 9,086 4,918,908 Jackson b.u.t.te Fr., Rounded, detached hill 1,660 30,030 27,301 16,057,766 Oroville Calaveras Sp., Skul's (from Indian battle ground) 1,080 6,183 9,171 6,177,285 San Andreas Colusa Ind.

1,088 9,290 7,732 12,188,096 Colusa Contra Costa Sp., Opposite coast 728 53,889 31,674 21,753,956 Martinez Del Norte Sp., Of the North 992 2,759 2,417 2,882,445 Crescent City Eldorado Sp., The gilded (name given to fabled land of gold) 1,796 6,426 7,492 4,668,840 Placerville Fresno Sp., Ash tree 6,152 128,779 75,657 34,302,205 Fresno Glenn 1,270 11,853 7,172 10,645,524 Willow Humboldt (named for Baron von Humboldt) 3,496 37,413 33,857 24,911,492 Eureka Imperial 4,200 43,383 13,591 El Centro Inyo 10,294 7,031 6,974 2,316,319 Independence Kern 8,050 54,843 37,715 24,050,871 Bakersfield Kings 1,176 22,032 16,230 7,883,009 Hanford Lake 1,328 5,402 5,526 3,258,020 Lakeport La.s.sen 4,520 8,507 4,802 4,590,748 Susanville Los Angeles Sp., The angels 4,200 936,438 504,132 169,268,166 Los Angeles Madera Sp., Timber 2,062 12,203 8,368 6,732,495 Madera Marin Ind.

549 27,342 25,114 14,489,582 San Rafael Mariposa Sp., b.u.t.terfly 1,510 2,775 3,956 2,270,246 Mariposa Mendocino Sp., (from Mendoza, viceroy of Mexico) 3,626 24,116 23,929 13,131,995 Ukiah Merced Sp., Mercy 1,932 24,579 15,148 14,877,086 Merced Modoc Ind.

3,741 5,425 6,191 4,076,680 Alturas Mono Sp., Monkey, or pretty 3,020 960 2,042 1,151,109 Bridgeport Monterey Sp., King's forest 3,340 27,980 24,146 18,962,554 Salinas Napa Ind.

780 20,678 19,800 13,840,291 Napa Nevada Sp., Heavy fall of snow 972 10,850 14,955 7,203,349 Nevada City Orange (named for its chief product) 750 61,375 34,436 13,812 Santa Ana Placer Sp., Loose (from placer mines) 1,365 18,584 18,237 9,677,724 Auburn Plumas Sp., Feathers 2,694 5,681 5,259 2,792,091 Quincy Riverside 7,323 50,297 34,696 16,373,296 Riverside Sacramento Sp., The Sacrament 1,000 90,978 67,806 41,333,337 Sacramento San Benito Sp., St. Benedict 1,388 8,995 8,041 6,499,068 Hollister San Bernardino Sp., St. Bernard 19,947 73,401 56,706 21,392,228 San Bernardino San Diego Sp., St. James 4,278 112,248 61,665 20,807,594 San Diego San Francisco Sp., St. Francis (of a.s.sisi) 47 506,676 416,912 564,070,301 San Francisco San Joaquin Sp., name of a saint 1,396 79,905 50,732 34,740,353 Stockton San Luis Obispo Sp., St. Louis the Bishop 3,310 21,893 19,383 13,680,235 San Luis Obispo San Mateo Sp., St. Matthew 434 36,781 26,585 18,999,564 Redwood City Santa Barbara Sp., St. Barbara 2,632 41,097 27,738 18,849,976 Santa Barbara Santa Clara Sp., name of a saint 1,286 100,588 83,539 61,390,817 San Jose Santa Cruz Sp., Holy Cross 424 26,269 26,240 12,560,071 Santa Cruz Shasta Fr., Chaste, pure 3,876 13,311 18,920 10,902,036 Redding Sierra Sp., Sawtoothed Ridge 960 1,783 4,098 1,844,560 Downieville Siskiyou 5,991 13,545 18,801 10,560,650 Treks Solano Sp., name of a mission 900 40,602 27,559 20,195,481 Fairfield Sonoma Ind., Valley of the Moon 1,620 51,990 48,394 30,380,419 Santa Rosa Stanislaus 1,456 43,557 22,522 12,834,108 Modesto Sutter (named for J. A. Sutter) 622 10,115 6,328 6,621,047 Yuba City Tehama 3,008 12,882 11,401 11,674,562 Red Bluff Trinity 3,282 2,552 3,301 1,651,362 Weaverville Tulare Sp., Reed-covered 4,952 59,032 35,440 17,447,042 Visalia Tuolumne Ind., Stone wigwams 2,208 7,768 9,979 7,089,725 Sonora Ventura Sp.

1,722 28,724 18,347 11,171,219 Ventura Yolo Ind., Rushes 996 17,105 13,926 17,640,436 Woodland Yuba Sp., Uba, wild grapes 636 10,375 10,042 5,898,350 Marysville

List of Governors

Gaspar de Portola, April, 1769 Pedro f.a.ges, July, 1770 Fernando Rivera y Moncada, May 25, 1774 Felipe de Neve, Feb. 3, 1777 Pedro f.a.ges, Sept. 1O, 1782 Jose Romeu, April 16, 1791 Jose Arrillaga, April 9, 1792 Diego de Borica, May 14, 1794 Jose Arrillaga, Jan. 16, 1800 Jose Arguello, July 24, 1814 Pablo de Sola, March 31, 1815

California became province of the Mexican Empire, April 11, 1822

Luis Arguello, Nov. 10, 1822, First native Governor.

March 26, 1825, California became province of Mexican Republic.

Jose Maria Echeandia, Nov. 8, 1825 Manuel Victoria, Jan. 31, 1831 Jose Maria Echeandia, Dec. 6, 1831 Jose Figueroa, Jan. 15, 1833 Jose Castro, Sept. 29, 1835 Nicolas Gutierrez, Jan. 2, 1836 Mariano Chico, May 3, 1836 Nicolas Gutierrez, Sept. 6, 1836 Jose Castro, Nov. 5, 1836 Juan B. Alvarado, Dec. 7, 1836 Manuel Micheltorena, Dec. 31, 1842 Pio Pico, Feb. 22, 1845, to Aug. 10, 1846, end of Mexican rule.

The following were Governors under Military Rule, U.S.A.

John D. Sloat, July 7, 1846 Robert F. Stockton, July 29, 1846 John C. Fremont, Military Governor, Jan. 19, 1847, for 50 days Stephen W. Kearny, Military Governor, March to May 31, 1847 R. B. Mason, Military Governor, May 31, 1847 Persifer F. Smith, Military Governor, Feb. 28, 1849 Bennet Riley, April 12, 1849

Peter H. Burnett, Dec. 20, 1849, First State Governor, Democratic, received 6716 votes, total vote, 12,064.

John McDougall, Lieutenant Governor, became Governor Jan. 9, 1851, Democrat John Bigler, Jan. 8, 1852, Democrat John Bigler, Jan. 7, 1854, Democrat John Neely Johnson, Jan. 9, 1856, American Party John B. Weller, Jan. 8, 1858, Democrat Milton S. Latham, Jan. 9, 1860, Democrat John G. Downey (Lieutenant Governor), inaugurated Jan. 14, 1860, Democrat Leland Stanford, Jan. 10, 1862, Republican Frederick F. Low, Dec. 10, 1863, Union Party Henry H. Haight, Dec. 5, 1867, Democrat Newton Booth, Dec. 8, 1871, Republican Romualdo Pacheco (Lieutenant Governor), inaugurated Feb. 27, 1875, Republican (native state Governor) William Irwin, Dec. 8, 1875, Democrat Geo. C. Perkins, Jan. 8, 1880, Republican Geo. Stoneman, Jan. 10, 1883, Democrat Washington Bartlett, Jan. 8, 1887, Democrat Robert W. Waterman (Lieutenant Governor), inaugurated Sept. 13, 1887, Republican H. H. Markham, Jan. 8, 1891, Republican James H. Budd, Jan. II, 1895, Democrat Henry T. Gage, Jan. 4, 1899, Republican Geo. C. Pardee, Jan. 7, 1903, Republican James N. Gillett, Jan. 9, 1907, Republican Hiram W. Johnson, January, 1911, Republican; reelected on Progressive ticket, 1914 William D. Stephens (Lieutenant Governor), inaugurated March 15, 1917, Progressive

Electoral Vote

1852, Democratic, 4 votes 1856, Democratic, 4 votes 1860, Republican, 4 votes 1864, Republican, 5 votes 1868, Republican, 5 votes 1872, Republican, 6 votes 1876, Republican, 6 votes 1880 Republican, 1 vote Democratic, 5 votes 1884, Republican, 8 votes 1888, Republican, 8 votes 1892, Republican, 1 vote Democratic, 8 votes 1896, Republican, 8 votes Democratic, People's and Silver parties, 1 vote 1900, Republican, 9 votes 1904, Republican, 9 votes 1908, Republican, to votes 1912, Democratic, 2 votes Progressive, 11 votes 1916, Democratic, 13 votes 1920, Republican, 13 votes

Bibliography

Bancroft--"History of California," vols. I, II, Ill, IV, V, VI, VII.

Bancroft--"California Pastoral."

Bancroft--"History of North Mexican States."

Hittell--"History of California," vols. I, II, III, IV.

Royce--"History of California."

Blackmar--"Spanish Inst.i.tutions of the Southwest."

Montalvo--"Sergas of Esplandian." Translator, E. E. Hale, Atlantic Monthly, Vol. XIII, p. 265.

Vancouver--"Voyage of Discovery to the Pacific Ocean," vol. III.

Geronimo Boscano--"Chinigchinich," "History of Mission Indians."

Translator, Alfred Robinson--"Life in California."

Francisco Palou--"Life of Fray Junipero Serra."

Junipero Serra--"Diary." Translated in magazine Out West, March-July, 1902.

Hakluyt--"Drake's Voyages."

Vanegas--"History of California."

Davis--"Sixty Years in California."

Colton--"Three Years in California."

Fremont--"Memoirs."

Sherman--"Memoirs." Century Magazine, vols. 41-42.

Stoddard--"In the Footsteps of the Padres."

Lummis--"The Right Hand of the Continent." Series, Out West Magazine, 1903.

Lummis--" Spanish Pioneers."

Jackson--"A Century of Dishonor."

Jackson--"Ramona."

California Book of Louisiana Purchase Exposition.

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